|A big event in the year 1715 was the destruction of 11 Spanish ships laden with treasure
bound for Spain. The fleet left Veracruz, New Spain and stopped at Havana, Cuba before
continuing the journey, but was caught in a hurricane off the eastern Florida coast. The tragedy,
with a large loss of lives, and loss of immense wealth destined to help Spain pay for war debts,
became a bonanza for treasure hunters 250 years later.
Another big event was the baptism of Ygnacio’s grandfather, Ylario Lazaro Niño Ladrón de
Guevara, earlier in the year at Asientos, Aguascalientes. He was the son of Pedro Joseph Niño
Ladrón de Guevara and Juana de Games. The family members were subjects of King Philip V
of the House of Bourbon. And as Ylario was to begin his important life, King Louis XIV was
ending his after 72 years as the king of France and Navarre. It was the longest documented
reign of any European monarch. A state in the United States was named after him, Louisiana.
|In 1733 there was another notable
destruction of Spanish ships laden
with treasure. A 22-ship convoy
left Havana and was decimated by
a hurricane. The ships floundered
and sank in the Florida Keys area.
Only 5 ships survived. This time
most of the wealth was recovered.
Both events happened in the
month of July, supposedly the right
time of the year to sail to Spain.
Two years later there was another
important event. Ygnacio’s great
|grandparents, Joseph de Leos and Antonia de Esparsa welcomed into the world Ygnacio's grandmother, Josepha Gertrudis. She was
born at Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes. Our second president, John Adams, also was welcomed in 1735 and King Philip V was still
the monarch of Spain and he would reign for 45 years, the longest in Spanish history.
|Ylario’s early years were probably spent at Asientos. His mother died when he was one year old and his father re-married two
years later. He must have grown up with his older sisters, Francisca Theresa, Maria and possibly Clara Juliana. A half-brother
Pedro, was born when Ylario was eight years old, but at this time there is no evidence that he survived which also is the case with
Clara Juliana. Another brother, Antonio, was born when Ylario was about 14 years old. He passed away at age 7.
When Ylario was 14 years old his father passed away at Asientos. His sisters married shortly afterwards. So, if he wasn’t cared
for in the home of his step-mother, an older sister’s family could have helped take care of him for a few years until he was mature
enough to be on his own.
At about 25 years of age Ylario must have had a family. A daughter of Ylario, Anna Gertrudis, passed away in December
1744 at Asientos. In October 1766 Joseph Antonio Niño Ladrón de Guevara married Antonia Diaz at Sierra de Pinos, Zacatecas.
The marriage document stated that Joseph’s father was Ylario.(1) and that he was born in Asientos and his mother, Augustina Garcia,
was deceased. Both documents stated that the children were legitimate, but so far a marriage between Ylario and Augustina hasn’t
surfaced nor have the childrens’ baptisms.
In September 1754, at age 39, Ylario married Manuela Calvillo in the town of Aguascalientes, which is about 40 miles distance from
Asientos. The marriage document stated that Ylario was a resident of Asientos. The couple probably remained in the Aguascalientes area
because a child, Rita Anacleta, was born there in June the following year. Manuela passed away a little more than six weeks after the
birth of her child. She survived and married Bernardo de la Torre in April 1776. She would have made Ylario a grandpa at least once
when she produced Blasa de la Candelaria in February 1777, but Ylario passed away almost four years earlier. But like her mother, Rita
Anacleta passed away at the early age of 25 in May 1781. Ylario may have remained in the town because he married Gertrudis de Leos in
August 1761 and she was a resident of Aguascalientes. In fact, Gertrudis had strong roots in Aguascalientes.
1—This information surfaced after some searching had been done for Ylario’s birth date, using his marriage in 1754 as a guide, which would have
been about 1730. So, some regressing had to be done to locate Ylario’s baptism, which was about 15 years earlier than anticipated.
|A g u a s c a l i e n t e s
A City of Beautiful Old Churches
|The city of Aguascalientes was founded in 1575 as a stopover between the cities of Zacatecas and Mexico City. The name
originates from the Spanish words, aguas calientes meaning hot waters, part of the original name of Villa de Nuestra Señora de
la Asunción de las Aguas Calientes (Village of our Lady of Assumption of the Hot Waters). When the city was first settled by
Juan de Montoro and 12 families, it was given this name for its abundance of hot springs. These thermal features are still in
demand in the city's numerous spas and even exploited for domestic use. People from Aguascalientes, both the city and the
state, are known by the whimsical Spanish demonym hidrocálidos or "hydrothermal" people.
|The Catholic Church is the mother church in Aguascalientes, and is one
of the famous monuments of the city. It is located opposite the Plaza de
la Patria. The parish had its beginnings as early as 1575 beginning with
small buildings to worship, then as the population increased
construction began on the beautiful baroque, neo-classical style basilica
in 1604. It was built, using pink stone, in several stages initially under
the guidance of priest Antonio Flores Acevedo and concluded and
consecrated in 1738 under the guidance of Priest Manuel Colon
Larreátegui. The church’s records began in 1616 and was originally
known as El Sagrario Church but later became Our Lady of the
|Gertrudis’ father, Joseph de Leos, was born in August 1714 in Aguascalientes and the marriage document said that mother,
Antonia Ruis also was born in the villa, as it was referred to at that time, but her baptism so far hasn’t appeared. The parents
were married in January 1734 at Aguascalientes by Manuel Colon Larreátegui, a resident priest at Our Lady of Assumption
Gertrudis’ grandfather, Joseph, on her paternal side, was born in the villa in February 1690 as well as grandmother, Bernadina
Macias, in September 1694. Their marriage was in January 1710. And great grandmother, Bernalda, Joseph’s mother, and wife
of Juan de Leos, was born there in January 1667. She was a Torre and the name appears in the early Aguascalientes church
records, which began in 1600. Bernalda’s parents Luis and Mariana Hernandez, married in Aguascalientes in February 1652.
|Considered the second most important church in the
city, construction began in 1767 and completed in
1789, the church possesses an extra ordinary
exuberant baroque facade designed by José de
Alcibar, a renowned architect of the period and
considered to be one of the most famous artists in
Mexico in the 1770s. It is in an excellent state of
preservation and is among the most beautiful and the
most fully realized of the city churches. With its
massive Talavera-tiled dome, it is considered one of
the best representations of this style anywhere in the
|Aguascalientes was born out of four original neighborhoods. Guadalupe was where most travelers stayed on their way to
Mexico City, and has some of the most beautiful cemeteries in Mexico. Triana, named after a neighborhood in Seville, has the
most Spanish influence in its architecture, and is the oldest neighborhood in the city. It is home to the José Guadalupe Posada
museum and the magnificent Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe. La Salud was intended to be a great convent complex, but it
was never completed; only the church, cemetery and square remain lined in colonial-style stone streets. The San Marcos
neighborhood is where the fabled San Marcos Fair has been celebrated for hundreds of years, and is notable for its neoclassical
garden and baroque church.
|Formerly known as the Temple of New Town
of Indigenous of San Marcos, was founded by
a group of indigenous natives in 1604. This
temple began construction before 1655 and
remained unfinished for one hundred years until
it was finished completely in 1765. The artistic
style of the facade is churrigueresque baroque
in 3 bodies. It's strange to see the difference in
height of the towers, the highest in 2 bodies
works as main bell-tower. As it can be seen,
this church has support at the sides and
structures are referred to as buttresses
|Aguascalientes today identifies itself as at the confluence of tradition and industry. Its preserved colonial center testifies to its rich
architectural heritage and cultural vision. On the other hand, the precisely planned peripheral expressways, as well as its first class
avenues and lanes, are surrounded with industrial parks that employ thousands of people. The state reports a high index of
migrants, especially from other states, seeking to acquire a better quality of life. The city of Aguascalientes is called "el corazón"
which means the heart of Mexico because it lies in the middle of the country. The city is modern and progressive, often
considered by its locals to be one of the safest and cleanest in Mexico, and known as “the land of the good people.” The city is
rich with architectural heritage and cultural vision.
|Commenced in the late 19th century, finished early
20th century, designed by the great artist Jose
Refugio Reyes, his masterpiece is considered to be
one of the most beautiful churches in Mexico. Other
designs by Reyes include the Paris Hotel and the
|Situated in the heart of one of the
oldest neighborhoods with the
highest tradition in Aguascalientes,
construction began January 1773
and dedication was March 1796.
The building has architectural
characteristics of the end of the 18th
century. It belongs to the last
manifestations of baroque and
presents some of the characteristics
of the neo-classical architecture,
mainly in its tower of three sections,
and it is architecturally important as
one of the last great baroque
churches of its era. Every year on
November 13th comes out the
popular fervor to honor the Christ of
the Oak, that commemorates its
miraculous apparition: It is said, that
a resident of the city, as he was
cutting the trunk of an oak, found
within it the figure of Jesus Christ.
|S i e r r a de P i ñ o s
|Ylario moved to Sierra de Piños, Zacatecas about May 1761. The distance from Aguascalientes is about 85 miles. Doña
Josefa Gertrudis followed a couple of months later and they married in August. He was 46 years of age. She was 26 and
according to the marriage document it was her first marriage. Ylario’s son, Joseph Antonio, may have traveled with his
father because when he married in 1766 at Piños he declared that he had been a resident of the village for five years.
The town of Piños is situated in a mountainous area at an elevation of about 8,000 feet on the lower eastern section of the very
irregular state of Zacatecas. The crookedness of the borders adjoining most states of Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco,
Nayarit, Nuevo Leon and San Luis Potosi resemble shorelines of coastal land.
Documents revealed that "Real de Nuestra Señora de Sierra de Piños," as it was originally named, shortened to Sierra de Piños, and
eventully just Piños was founded in early 1588 and a document mentioned a gold and silver mine in late 1593. Mining continues at
mines such as La Purisima, General Tyre, San Ramon, Bermejillo and La Candelaria and is a big factor in the economics of over 5,000
Documentation shows that Ylario and Gertrudis had eight children. San Mathias Church in Sierra de Piños records that Gertrudis,
Dolores, Joseph Maria Atanasio, Ygnacio and Lucas Nepomuceno were born from July 1765 until November 1773. When Manuel
Niño Ladrón de Guevara married Juana Ximenes in February 1780 at Guadalajara, Jalisco and Marcial Niño Ladrón de Guevara
married Mariana Joaguina Rosales in August 1796 at Durango, Durango the documents stated that Ylario and Gertrudis were their
parents and that the grooms were from Sierra de Piños. And when Manuela Niño Ladrón de Guevara married, her marriage document
again stated that her parents were Ylario and Gertrudis but that she was from Aguascalientes.
Five children are documented as having survived: Besides the three aforementioned, Manuel, Marcial and Manuela, Don Ygnacio Niño
Ladrón de Guevara was a witness at Manuela’s wedding as well as his brother, Manuel. And of course there was Joseph Maria who
was responsible for continuing the Guevara line involving Margaret and Kathryn. And did he name his second son, Ygnacio, the
cornerstone of this story, after his brother?
On July 30, 1773, at age 58, Don Ylario Lazaro Niño Ladrón de Guebara passed away at Piños leaving his widow,
Gertrudis, and at least five small children, the last child having been born four months after Ylario’s death.
It appears that the Guevaras may have left the Piños area soon after Ylario’s death. There was no activity in the church records for
the family for almost two years. Ylario’s son, Antonio Joseph, and wife, Antonia, had five children at Piños since they married in late
1766, the last child, Maxima, being born in September 1772.
Real de Catorce, San Luis Potosi, a town nestled in the Sierra Madre mountain chain was founded about 1770 when a man
searching for his horse accidentally stumbled across a rich deposit of silver. In a short time Catorce became the second richest
silver producer in Mexico, a country that at one time produced as much silver as the rest of the world combined. And the
bonanza drew thousands, one of whom was Mrs. Gertrudis Guebara, and perhaps some, or most of her children. It was the
location when she married Manuel Ybanes in March 1780. The distance from Piños is about 200 miles. She had lived there for
five months before the marriage, according to the marriage document.
Referred to as the “ghost village in the clouds, “ the town lies at an elevation of about 7,000 feet and the only way for vehicles to
reach the town is to enter a one-way tunnel, carved in rock that stretches nearly a mile and a half. It was once a bustling city with
40,000 people with beautiful homes of the time, and even had a trolley line and an opera house. Today the town is in a barely
existing mode with about 800 permanent residents depending on occasional tourists and some mining of ore that was missed
when the bonanza years were in progress.
The family must have remained in Catorce for a period of time. Daughter Manuela was married there in January 1783. Her
husband was Manuel de Olluela. Gertrudis and her husband were the godparents at her wedding. Manuela passed away ten
years later in Matehuala, which is about 26 miles distance, and even at today’s speed the trip takes about an hour and one-half.
Brother Manuel’s wife, Juana, passed away and when he married Quiteria Orosco in November 1788, the marriage was at
Matehuala. So the family or part of the family must have located to the town from Catorce at some time.
Gertrudis passed away sometime before August 1796 because when her son, Marcial, married the marriage document
stated that his parents were deceased. At this time her obituary hasn’t surfaced although some searching has been done.
It appears that Ylario had somewhat of a full life in his 58 years, no doubt much of it filled with sorrow. His mother passed away
when he was an infant and his father died when he was 14 years of age. He had a relationship with Augustina Garcia, producing a
son, who matured, married and had a family, and his daughter that passed away at a young age was probably with Augustina.
Was there a marriage, and if so, Augustina must have passed away. The relationship is not clear and needs some exploring. When
Ylario was 22 years old, his half-brother, Antonio, died. The child was seven at the time of his death. His marriage to Manuela
Calvillo lasted less than a year because she passed away having given birth six weeks earlier.
Ylario may have been in the mining game having lived in the mining towns, Asientos and Sierra de Piños most of his life. And if he
did work as a miner, he no doubt did indeed work, even if he was in management. He had the burden of producing income late in
his life since he was still producing children with Gertrudis. There were children in the family when he passed away, and his last
child was born four months after his death.
Gertrudis married at age 26, and probably left the comforts of where her family had resided for several generations, to live in a
mining town and to give birth to least eight children. Then, when she was 38 her husband passed away leaving her with at least
five small children. At age 44 she moved to a another mining town, re-married and hopefully had a long comfortable life.
There’s more information to be extracted on the Ylario-Gertrudis family lines. There were at least three other sons, besides Jose
Maria that matured to promote the Niño Ladrón Guevara surname and it’s very possible that there are quite a number of family
members in Mexico, and elsewhere. The searching will continue.
Ylario Story Being Upgraded
Ylario Story Being Upgraded